Environmental Impact

There are environmental consequences for all forms of mining, and mining for the primary materials needed for EV batteries are no different. Processes for extraction and smelting pollute local air, soil, and water while consuming large amounts of water and releasing large amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Unlike other industries, EV advocates and policymakers have an opportunity to address and mitigate these environmental challenges early on — before the supply chain is so well-established that meaningful reforms are impractical to implement.