One of the most frequently-cited requirements for mass adoption of electric vehicles is broad access to charging infrastructure. Yet, such access remains elusive for most of the world. Understanding the financial, technological, and logistical constraints on electric vehicle charging infrastructure is imperative to enabling meaningful growth in the global electrification of the transportation sector. Meanwhile, new capabilities have emerged that enable the use of electric vehicles to support the electrical grid, facility energy operations, and emergency response activities. These capabilities create innovative business and operating models that could fundamentally reshape how electric vehicles are used through the effective merging and optimization of the transportation and energy sectors.
Basic information regarding the types of charging stations and their associated charging standards are provided below for reference. Each of the links provided here offers an in-depth look at the underlying factors that are relevant to expanding access to charging infrastructure, based on the general locations where charging most often occurs.